India`s New Free Trade Agreement

India`s New Free Trade Agreement: An Overview

India has recently signed a free trade agreement (FTA) with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), which is expected to have a significant impact on the country`s trade relations with its neighboring countries. The agreement, known as the ASEAN-India Free Trade Agreement (AIFTA), was signed in August 2009 and came into force in January 2010.

What is the ASEAN-India Free Trade Agreement?

The ASEAN-India Free Trade Agreement is a comprehensive free trade agreement between India and the ten member countries of the ASEAN group- Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. The agreement covers trade in goods, services, and investment, and aims to promote economic cooperation and integration between India and ASEAN.

Key Features of the Agreement:

1. Tariff Reduction: The agreement provides for the elimination of tariffs on most traded goods between India and ASEAN. This will help to boost trade and investment between the two regions.

2. Services: The agreement opens up new opportunities for Indian service providers to access the markets of ASEAN countries, including financial, telecommunications, transportation, and professional services.

3. Intellectual Property: The agreement outlines a framework for intellectual property protection, including patents, trademarks, and copyrights. This will help to promote innovation and creativity in the region.

4. Investment: The agreement provides for a transparent and predictable investment regime, which will help to attract more foreign investment to both India and ASEAN.

5. Dispute Resolution: The agreement includes a dispute resolution mechanism to resolve any conflicts that may arise between the parties.

What are the Benefits of the Agreement?

The ASEAN-India Free Trade Agreement is expected to bring a number of benefits to both India and ASEAN. For India, the agreement will help to promote exports and investment, create new jobs, and increase competitiveness in the region.

For ASEAN, the agreement will help to promote intra-regional trade and investment, enhance economic cooperation with India, and strengthen the region`s role in the global economy.


In summary, the ASEAN-India Free Trade Agreement is an important step forward in promoting economic integration and cooperation between India and ASEAN. The agreement is expected to bring significant benefits to both parties, including increased trade and investment, job creation, and enhanced competitiveness in the region. As the agreement is implemented, it will be important for both India and ASEAN to work together to ensure its success and maximize its potential for economic growth and development.